The server technology employed by Linux certainly possess several advantages compared to other systems particularly that of Microsoft. This is a powerful variation of the Linux open source operating system and it is primarily designed to handle the more demanding needs of business applications, which include network and system administration, database management and Web services. Because of its strengths Linux servers are much preferred over other server particularly on the issues of stability, security and flexibility. Example of the leading Linux server operating systems are CentOS, Ubuntu Server, Slackware Debian, and Gentoo.
Compared Microsoft Windows Server, Linux server does not require licensing fees of platforms. It is basically a free Server operating system despite of the number of users. For that reason, small businesses are afforded substantial savings in terms of licensing fee cost.
The Linux Server Advantage
What makes Linux server technology superior according to industry experts over other server operating system is the fact that it doesn’t require running a graphical user interface, which in turn helps keep system performance at peak and making server applications flow faultlessly. Although there may be some configurations when starting up Linux server at the onset, expert see it as relatively set up to work out-of-the-box. In addition, this server technology is also relatively easy to manage with existing server tools today. Linux servers are also praised for being easy to operate and manage with web interfaces and decently laid out editable configuration files.
The fast rise in the demand for servers over the past year presented plenty of opportunities for both Linux and Microsoft Windows servers. However according to available data, Linux server is getting significant. This is evident in the fact that collected data by research groups revealed that despite the increase of the unit shipments of Windows servers annually, Linux server revenue likewise grew and it now represent 16.8 percent of all server sales. Most experts attributed its rise on the fact that Linux is far more suited to server use than Windows and even most any other rivals.
Here is a closer look at what these advantages are:
If there is one thing that Linux systems are very popular and well known for, that will be the system’s ability to consistently run for many years without failure as evident on the fact that many of its users have not suffered or experienced a computer crash. Linux stability is even more important and valuable for small and medium-sized businesses that depends so much on maintaining uptime and thus avoid the disastrous consequences that downtimes will cause.
Linux server technology, according to experts, also enables it to manage a large number of processes running at once far more superior than Windows, which tends to degrade quickly in the same situation. When it comes to the aspect of rebooting, Windows server configuration changes will typically require a system reboot while Linux does not need to restart thus avoiding downtime. In fact according to expert reviews, Linux configuration changes can be performed while the system is operating and without affecting other unrelated services. There is also the need for a regular defragmentation with Windows server which Linux server barely needs.
Another superior feature that Linux server technology possesses is having a better protected or more secure system. This advantage is primarily attributed to the fact that Linux, which is based on Unix, was specifically made and developed to be a multiuser operating system from the onset with only the administrator or root user, being afforded the administrative privileges. In addition fewer users and applications have the permission to access the kernel or each other thus keeping everything modular and protected.
Although not immune to malicious attacks, Linux servers face fewer problems when it comes to malware and viruses. In addition, the many developers and users of Linux oftentimes will be able to quickly identify and remedy any of its vulnerabilities. Linux system administrator also has the advantage of being able to see and control all of the system files most of the time unlike in Windows for instance where its users can sometimes hide files from the system administrator.
Another advantage that Linux server possesses is that it is flexible and scalable and in terms of performance it operates well on just about any computer no matter what processor or machine architecture is being used. Compared that to Windows, which normally will require frequent hardware upgrades in order to accommodate ever-increasing resource demands of its system.
Experts further pointed out that there is no problem when it comes to easily reconfiguring Linux in order to include only the services needed for the business’s purposes. This gives the benefit of reducing memory requirements, improving performance and keeping things even simpler.
4. Total Cost Of Ownership
Given the fact that Linux software is free, this system definitely has the advantage when it comes to the total cost of ownership. Its enterprise version purchased with corporate support is also cheaper overall than Windows or other proprietary software. There is no need for user-based licensing and security and other add-ons.
Linux operating system also has the advantage of having no commercial vendor that is trying to lock the user into certain products or protocols. In fact users are free to mix and match and choose what works best for their needs.
Linux System Disadvantages
Of course Linux is not without its own share of disadvantages and shortcomings. The Linux operating system weaknesses are going to be tackled below.
- Difficult to learn
If there is one outstanding drawback that Linux has, that would be the difficulty and time it would take to learn and really master it. Users will certainly need to spend considerable time and effort figuring out how the system works. Business will also need to spend money to train personnel in order to make them efficiently and skillfully operate the system.
- Lack Of Equivalent programs
Switching to Linux system will require careful evaluation on the part of the user particularly on the programs that he or she is using at the moment. Users have to make sure that these have Linux support or equivalent program to avoid the scenario of wasting substantially big amount of time converting databases and application data.
- More technical ability needed
Linux system will also need another person who knows Linux really well given the fact that a Linux administrator needs to be on hand as the migration system began and until it is over. If there is no one in the company, you may be forced to hire another to handle the routine tasks which of course can be an added cost.
- Not all hardware compatible
Another disadvantage of Linus is that some of the latest and good hardware are not designed to be compatible with it at the moment. In other words not everything you buy for hardware in your system may work and you may have to rely on third-party drivers and other means to make them compatible.